ATLANTIC BONITO

How to Identify an Atlantic Bonito

IDENTIFICATION

 1 The anal fin consists of 14-17 rays followed by 6-8 finlets
 2 The back is steel blue or blue-green, the lower flanks and belly are silvery
 3 The bonitos have stripes on the back, not the belly

How to identify an Atlantic Bonito

The bonitos have stripes on the back, not the belly. The first dorsal fin has 20-23 spines. The second dorsal fin consists of 13-18 rays followed by 7-10 finlets. The anal fin consists of 14-17 rays followed by 6-8 finlets. The caudal peduncle has a lateral keel on either side. As with all Scombroid fishes, there are also two smaller keels farther back, above and below the main keel. The Sarda species have no teeth on the tongue and no swim bladder. Also, the intestine is straight, rather than folded in the middle. There are a total of 16-23 gill rakers on the first gill arch. The back is steel blue or blue-green. The lower flanks and belly are silvery.This species is pelagic, schooling and migratory and feeds on smaller fishes and squids usually at or near the surface 15-20 miles offshore. A strong, fast swimmer, it is known to skip or leap out of the water when in search of prey.


IDEAL WATER TEMPERATURES

IDEAL WATER TEMPERATURES FOR ATLANTIC BONITO

SPAWNING MONTHS

SPAWNING MONTHS ATLANTIC BONITO

TARGET AREAS

  • Baitfish Patches
  • Coastal Waters
  • Floating Foam and Debris
  • Night Fishing


  • Birds
  • Deep Shore Water
  • Merging Water
  • Reefs, Wrecks, and Shoals

Where to catch Atlantic Bonito

The Atlantic bonito occurs in tropical and temperate waters of the Atlantic Ocean from Argentina to Nova Scotia and from South Africa to Norway. It is rare in the Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico and is common in the Mediterranean and Black Seas. It is replaced in the Pacific by other Sarda species.

Acknowledgements:  We thank TAKEMEFISHING.org (www.takemefishing.org), Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources for their contributions to these FISH FACTS.

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